Every child has a methodological procedure wherein they learn the different stages of how to communicate and build on it as they grow and mature into adults. It starts from a baby's first babble, into a child's exploration of language, and so on and so forth.
A parent has a plethora of techniques they can use to engage with their children and help them understand the basics of communicating, and as they grow older, children themselves pick up on such techniques and improve on their language skills!
To help parents set the foundation of this learning experience, here are a few key milestones parents should keep an eye out for, and help them develop these remarkable feats!
By Age 1 - Recognition of Sounds and Basic Speech
Toddlers have a limited vocabulary and often tend to repeat a handful of words when they first start out to communicate.
This can be reinforced by allowing the child to mimic their parent's words, voice tone, and structure. Of course, they won't be able to eloquently pronounce complex words, but children should be able to at least be able to vaguely identify the different pronunciations of vowels.
Children should also have grasped the ability to follow instructions, or at least associate particular words to actions. For this, parents should encourage the child to follow their actions while repeating the corresponding word, giving children a sense of associating a particular sound to a particular action.
By Age 2- Pronunciation of Basic Words and Creating Sentences
As your child turns 2, they should have the very basic foundations of language understood. This includes expanding their vocabulary from simple words, into being able to join them, creating a more descriptive speech, although their pronunciation may not be correct (but that's okay!).
Children should also be able to identify simple objects and have a vague understanding of how to describe them, either through actions, or associating it with other words and objects.
By Age 3- Clarity in Speech and Sentence Structures
This age marks the onset of the child being able to use more than 2-3 words to communicate with their surroundings. Their ability to speak in simple and clear sentences gets established, and are able to string multiple words together.
At this age, children are able to follow more complex instructions, which enhances their understanding of word-to-action and perform more complex tasks.
Most parents also opt to start enrolling their children in Phonics Classes at this age, as it allows children to lay a strong foundation for learning English and pronouncing words and letters correctly.
By Age 4- Grasping of Complex Topics and Easy Differentiation of Objects
Once the child has created a basis of communication, they are now prepared to learn more complex concepts. Topics like colours, objects, shapes, actions and even time can be taught to 4-year-olds! This is an extraordinary feat as children can now verbalise their thoughts to some coherence, allowing them to engage with their parents and friends with more clarity and purpose, than just vague sounds and pointing at objects.
By Age 5- Actively Social and Curious To Learn
Most parents begin to enrol their children into schools or day-cares around this age, which greatly enhances their social skills, as not only do children explore their immediate surroundings, but they also get to learn new things every day!
Each child learns at their own pace, and the only way to encourage children to be more inquisitive and be more communicative is to constantly engage them in a safe and open environment. Be it at home or at a playschool.
At Cedarwood Afterschool, programs for children such as Phonics and Elocution courses start from age of 3, which helps children create a strong foundation for learning language and communication skills needed to relay coherent and meaningful speech.